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Early Academic Timesharing starting out  with HP-2000A





Looking for stories and pictures from  Phoenix Union High School Time Share System days with the old  HP-2000

Phoenix Union High School System
in its final form -  HP 2000F 

Computer Exchange Inc  converted to it  to an  
HP 2000 ACCESS system and then it 
was sold to Phoenix Heat Treating.
This system was traded back to CEX
when Phoenix Heat Treating upgraded to
an HP-3000 Series II we  had sold them.

Computer Exchange saved the 2116 
Processor and set it aside 
as it would not  run the 2000-Access 
Microcode that needed to be added 
to the IOP  for the conversion..
Yes... the very heart of the orig. 
HP-2000A  system that 
Phoenix Union High School District 
had. It is on display at  SMECC!

We are looking for stories and pictures from Phoenix Union High School Time Share System days with the old HP-2000.
Did  you have anything to do with it  from the being  a teacher that taught with it or a student that used it? talk to us!



During the 1969-70 school year the Phoenix Union High School System purchased a Hewlett-Packard 2000A Time-Sharing Computer. This compu­ter, purchased with matching funds from an NDEA Title III grant, was named the Educational Computer, since it is used exclusively for in­structional purposes. Since the original acquisition, the Educational Computer has gone through several updates. The last expansion was in the 1973-74 school year. At present this Hewlett-Packard Computer is a 2000F model which can communicate with 32 users simultaneously. Fifty-seven terminals are utilized by academic departments in the schools which results in approximately a two-to-one ratio of the number of users compared to the computer service available. The computer is located at the District Office and services the terminals over tel­ephone lines.

Originally, the Educational Computer was used for teaching programming languages, and for problem solving in mathematics and science classes. However, during the last seven years the use of academic computing in the Phoenix Union High School System has experienced considerable growth. Currently, a number of academic areas are utilizing the Educational Computer for a variety of applications. Departments currently using the Educational Computer include Mathematics, Science, Reading, English, Foreign Language, Social Studies, Business, and Home Economics.  


June 30, 1977 
Rick Meyer Educational Computer Specialist 

The purpose of this status report is three-fold.

FIRST: It provides historical information on the background 
of academic computing in the Phoenix Union High School System.

SECOND: It furnishes a summary of the current
utilization of the Educational Computer.

THIRD: It states goals for the future and suggests 
the budgetary implications of these goals.

The Hewlett-Packard computer was purchased by the Phoenix Union High School
System during the 1969-70 school year. Since that time, reports have been
written which provide information on numerous aspects of the computer's use.
This report is the first attempt to write an "all inclusive" report. It
will be updated on an annual basis hereafter.



Preface . . . . . .i
Table of Contents .ii
List of Tables ....iii
I Introduction. 
Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction .2
II Organization.4
III Equipment •.5
IV Applications.6
V Use by Students 12
VI Costs..........17
VII Goals ........21
VIII Needs Assessment.24
IX Miscellaneous Requirements Pertaining to a New Computer 27
X Alternatives Regarding Additional Computer Resources ..  29
XI Recommendations Regarding Additional Computer Resources 30
XII Future Cost. • . . . • . • . • . • . • . • . • . . . . 31




1. BATCH Processing of Student Programs................ 13 
2. CAM Processing of Student Tests..................... 14 
3. Time-Shared BASIC Usage by Students................. 15 
4. Terminal and Datrex (Phone Lines) Distribution.......16 
5. Hardware Costs: Computer/Peripherals/Cartridges......17 
6. Hardware Cost: Terminals and Miscellaneous Equipment.18 
7. Summary of Hardware Costs. ......................... 18 
8. 1974-77 Operational Expenditures.....................19
9. Cost of Phone Service to Educational Computer Datrex System)... 20 




On November 6, 1969, the Board of Education of the Phoenix Union High 
School System approved the NDEA-ESEA Title III Computer Assisted Instruc­
tion Proposal and on April 16, 1970, authorized purchase of a Hewlett­
Packard 2000A time-sharing system with matching district funds. This 
computer had the ability of communicating with 16 users simultaneously 
and cost a total of $101,232. 

It was emphasized in the April 16, 1970, Board Agenda that this acquisition 
could not achieve all the purposes that were outlined in the Computer 
Assisted Instruction Proposal which had been approved by the Superintendent's 
Staff, Curriculum Council, Division of General Education, Computer Assisted 
Instruction Committee, and the Director of Federal Programs. But it was 
documented that this project was a start which could be expanded to 
accommodate future needs for development of individualized instruction. 

During the 1970-71 school year the Hewlett-Packard was upgraded to a 2000B 
model which had the capability of communicating with 32 users simultaneously. 
This upgrade was again purchased with matching NDEA funds. The total cost 
was $34,802,40.

 Another upgrade took place in the 1972-73 school year when the Hewlett­
Packard became a 2000C'. This upgrade provided additional storage memory 
on the computer at the cost of $38,075.00. This purchase was made entirely 
with district money. 

The final upgrade* took place in the 1973-74 school year when the Hewlett­
Packard was transformed into a 2000F. This upgrade improved the performance 
of the computer but did not involve the acquisition of additional components. 
There was no charge for this upgrade which was performed by the Hewlett­
Packard Company. 

Currently, our Hewlett-Packard 2000F has fifty-two terminals** tied to it 
over telephone lines. However, it only communicates with 32 terminals 
simultaneously. Users are serviced on a first come, first served, basis. 

The major problem which has been facing the Educational Computer Center for 
several years now is not being able to supply computer assistance to 
academic departments in our schools which request this service. During the 
1974-75 school year, the district released a request for proposals (RFP) for 
a new computer system. Proposals were received from six vendors as a result 
of this RFP. On May 29, 1975, the Board of " Education rejected all six. The 
problem still exists. The solution is up to the Board of Education. 

* The card reader for the Educational Computer was replaced with a newer 
model during the 1973-74 school year at a cost of $2,782.00 

** The district owns 60 terminals; 52 are "on-line" with the computer; 

5 are "off-line"; and 3 are assigned to the Educational Computer Center. 




The components of the Educational Computer, the terminals, terminal covers, 

and the keypunches are owned by the district. The communications equipment 
is rented from the telephone company. Section V of this report shows the 
placement of this equipment and Section VI shows the cost by year, starting 
with the initial purchase. The following is a list of the equipment. 

A. Computer Components: 

1 - 2100A Central Processor 
1 - 2116B Communications Processor 
2 - 7900A Disc Drives 

1 - 7970A Magnetic Tape Drive 
1 - 2748A Paper Tape Reader 
1 - 2767A Line Printer 
1 - ASR-35 Teletype Console 
1 - 7261A Card Reader 

B. Terminals: 
56 Teletypes (ASR-33) 
1 Digilog Telecomputer Terminal 
3 Infoton Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) Terminals 

C. Terminal Covers 
32 Van San Sound-Off Dampeners, Model 1026 

D. Keypunches: 
12 026 Keypunches 
1 029 (Equivalent) Keypunch 

E. Communications Network: 
32 Local Datrex Lines 
20 Remote Datrex Lines 







Marvin Sounart
Camelback High School 
Mathematics Department 



Academic Computing

in the 

Phoenix Union High
 School System



Click below to get 5 PDF files   

(added 3-31-2014)



Other materials related to this Phoenix Union High School HP-2000 computer
system we are looking for that were issued and noted in other publications:

A great deal of material has been written to assist teachers
(If you have any email Ed Sharpe Archivist for SMECC at  info@smecc.org)

Computer Mathematics 1 & 2 1971 Jacobs, Kempton, & Hackett
Projects for Computer Math Students 1973-74 Butler, Ramsey, & Sounart
One Hundred Forty-Six BASIC Exercises 1975 Rick Meyer, Computer Center
Five BASIC Lessons 1975 Rick Meyer, Computer Center
A Guide to the Integrated Use of the
Computer in the P.U.H.S.S.
Mathematics Program by Levels
1975 Marvin Sounart, Camelback
Punched Card-Marked Card BASIC 1975 Steve Scheid, Computer Center
Ye Practical Computer Manual 1978 Peggy Jergens, East
FORTRAN  1978 Peggy Jergens, East
COBOL 1978 Peggy Jergens, East
ALGOL 1978 Peggy Jergens, East
Assembly-Language Simulator for
Time-Shared BASIC
1975 Steve Scheid, Computer Center
A Primer for H-P Instructional
Dialogue Facility
1974 Rick Meyer, Computer Center
An Introduction to the Pillsbury
Accounting Package
1976 Rich Weiss, Computer
DIET + 1977  Slavin & Meyer



Special Purpose Documents


Nutritive Value of Foods 1971  U.S. Printing Office

COMPUTE 1974 Minnesota Council on Quality
My Computer Likes Me
Computer Club Information Kit for Schools
1972  DYMAX Association for Educational No Date Data Systems

Hewlett-Packard Manuals


ALGOL  1970  
FORTRAN IV Reference Manual  1970  
H-P Assembler  1970  
2000F: A Guide to Time-Shared BASIC  1973  
A Guide to H-P Educational BASIC  1970  
H-P Educational BASIC Marked-Card
IDF Author1s Manual  1973  
COBOL/2000  1974  



Phoenix Union High School
System Research Reports 
(from page 80)

Computer Assisted Mathematics Project 
Carl Hayden High School 
1972  Kush
Computer Assisted Mathematics Project 
Carl Hayden High School  
1972-73 Colvin
Computer Assisted Instruction in
Mathematics at Carl Hayden High School 
1972  Kouts
The Effect of Computer-Assisted
Instruction on Students who need help in Mastering Reading Skills 
1974  Schonaerts
ESEA Title I Project: Comprehensive Achievement Monitoring. 
Summary of 1975-76 Activities and Results 
1976  Anderson & Estes


The Educational Computer Center has a film bibliography from the Oregon Council
for Computer Education entitled "Computers & Computer Applications, A Film
Bibliography" by Doris Lidtke.

Video Tape
Three video tapes have been made by Phoenix
Union High School personnel as follows:
An Introduction CAI in Foreign Language  1976 Mary Harthun-Browne
An Introduction to the Educational
Computer Center 
1976 Rick Meyer-Computer Center
How to Use a Terminal  1976 Rick Meyer-Computer Center
The Educational Computer Center has the following books. Call the Center  if you would like to have one of the books checked out to you.
Title  Author  Publisher / Date
Advanced Basic  James S. Coan  Hayden Book Company, Inc.- 1977
Art of Systems Analysis  Byrne;Mullally;Rothery  Prentice-Hall - 1971
Association for Educational Data Systems    IBM Corporation - 1976
Bases of Fortran   R. E. Smith Control Data Corporation - 1971
Basic - An Introduction to Computer
Programming Using the Basic Language

Free Press - 1971
Basic - A Unit for Secondary Schools Donald D. Spencer Camelot Publishing Co. - 1977
Basic BASIC - An Introduction to Computer 
Programming in Basic Language 
James S. Coan Hayden Book Company, Inc. - 1970
Basic Basic Programming  Bauer;Debruzzi ;Peluso Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.-1972
Basic for Beginners  Bitter; Gateley  McGraw-Hill - 1970
Basic in Ten Minutes a Day   Louis Hoitsma Secondary School - 1970
Basic Language Programming
for Everyone 
Gerald Wohl  Pace & Pace Ltd. - 1975
Basic Language Programming for
Fundamental Accounting 
Gerald Wohl  Pace & Pace Ltd. - 1975
Basics for Digital Computers  John S. Murphy  Hayden Book Company, Inc. - 1970
Bibliography of Programmed Instruction
and Computer Assisted Instruction 
Taher A. Razik  Educational Technology Pub. - 1971



Book List Continued








Publisher / Date

Business Data Processing  Elias Awad Prentice-Hall - 1965
CAI Author/Instructor
D'Angelico;Wohl Meredith - 1971
Case Studies of Business Data
Processing Systems
  Pace & Pace Ltd. - 1973
Changing Urban Bureaucracies: How New
Practices Become Routinized
Robert K. Yin Rand - 1978
Communications with the Computer -
Fortran IV
Allyn and Bacon, Inc. - 1973
Comprehensing Achievement Monitoring Gorth;0'Rei11y;Pinsky Educational Technology Publications
Comprehensive Fortran Programming  James N. Haag Hayden Book Company - 1965
An Accounting Tool 
Jauch;Wohl Pace College - 1972
Computers and Computer Language  Edward J. Laurie
South-Western Publishing Co. 1966
Computers and Information System In Education
Goodlad; O'Toole;Tyler Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. 1966
Computer-Assisted Instruction and the
Teaching of Mathematics
  - 1966
Computer-Assisted Mathematics Program
First Course 
Hatfield, Johnson
Scott, Foresman & Company  - 1968

Computer-Assisted Mathematics Program
Pamela W. Katzman Scott, Foresman & Company - 1970
Computer-Assisted Mathematics Program
Intermediate Mathematics Thomas 

Scott, Foresman & Company - 1970      


Book List Continued (page 84)






Publisher / Date

Computer-Assisted Mathematics Program
Second Course 
John Walther 
Scott, Foresman & Company 1969
Computer Concepts
R. E. Smith  Control Data Corporation 1971
Computer Concepts and Educational

Marker;McGraw;Stone Iowa Educational
Information Center 1966
Computer Dictionary Donald D. Spencer Abacus Computer Corporation 1973    
Computer Education Directory
  Control Data Corporation - 1968
Computer Explorer Series - Six Booklets

Biorhythm Theory
Interest in Money
Random Number
Sorting Data
Statistical Procedures
Your Handwriting
R. E. Smith  Data Processing Horizons, Inc. - 1970
Computer Facilities for
Mathematics Instruction


Computer in Action: How Computers Work 
Donald Spencer  Hayden Book Company, Inc. - 1974
Computer in American Education  Allen ;Bushnell  Association for Educational
Data Systems - 1967
Computer Programming Concepts 
  Control Data Corporation - 1964
Computers, Basic, and Physics  Peckham  Addison-Wesley - 1971

Computers in Higher Education  

 - 1967

Computers in Physics    Digital Equipment Corp

Book List Continued (page 85)








Publisher / Date

Computers in Our Society
(Workbook available)
Logsdon, Fae and Tom 
Anaheim 1974
Computers in Society: The Wheres, Why,
and Hows of Computer Use
Donald Spencer 
Hayden Book Company, Inc. 1974
Computers in the Classroom   Digital Equipment Corporation 1969
Computer in the School Justine Baker Phi Delta Kappa Educational
Foundation 1975
Computer Programming Fortran IV: Decima Anderson  Meredith Publishing 1966
Computer Programming in the Basic Language Neal Golden Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. 1975
Computers in Undergraduate Education: Mathematics, Physics, Statistics, and Chemistry
National Science Foundation 1967
Computers - Theory and Uses Vincent Darnowski  National Science Teachers 1964
Computing Activities in Secondary
Bukoski; Korotkin   
Computing Concepts in Mathematics Hartfie1d;Heigho;Jeltema  Science Research Associates 1969
Computing Concepts in Mathematics,
Student Textbook 1
Capettini;Heigho;Jeltema  Science Research Associates 1968
Computing Concepts in Mathematics,
Student Textbook 2
Robert Hartfield Science Research 1968
Computing Systems Fundamentals
  International Business Machines Corporation 1967
Computing Systems Fundamentals, Overview
  International Business
Machines Corporation 1967
Computing with the Basic Language Gruenberger  Harper & Row 1972

Book List Continued (page 86)








Publisher / Date

Condensed Computer Encyclopedia Philip B. Jordain  McGraw-Hill - 1969
Diebold Research Program                 1968
Discovering Basic Robert Smith  Hayden Book Company, Inc. - 1970
EDP and the School Administrato   American Association of
School Administrators -
Educational Technology Cartoon Book   Educational Technology
Publications -
Eighth Conference on Computers in the
Undergraduate Curricula

CCUC - 1977
Elements of Computer Science Ellis; Estes  Harper & Row - 1973
Entering Basic Meadows; Sack  Science Research - 1973
FORTRAN - A Discovery Approach Robert Teague  Canfie1d Press - 1974
Fortran for IBM System 360 Plumb; Napper International Business
Machines Corporation - 1968
Fortran for Physics A1fred M. Bork  Addison-Wesley - 1967
Fortran IV with Watfor Cress; Dirksen; Graham  Prentice-Hall - 1968
Fortran Programming Dale L. Harris Charles  E. Merrill Book, Inc. - 1964
Fortran Workbook Donald D. Spencer  Camelot Publishing Company - 1977
Guide for Using the Computer in Geometry1-2, Algebra 1-2, and Intermediate Algebra 1-2 Louis Bush

Book List Continued (page 87)








Publisher / Date

Guide to Basic Programming: A Time-
Sharing Language 
Donald Spencer  Addison-Wesley 1970
Guide to Fortran IV Programming Daniel McCracken  John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1965
Guide to Teaching About Computers in
Secondary Schools
Donald Spencer  Abacus Computer Corporation 1973
Guided Tour of Computer Programming
in Basic 
Dwyer;Kaufman  Houghton Mifflin 1973
Handbook of Curriculum Design for
Individualized Instruction: A
Systems Approach 
Sidney J. Drumheller
Educational Technology
Publications, Inc. 1971
Handbook of Successful Data Processing
Bachman;Horn;Pescow  Prentice-Hall 1973
Harper & Row Pure Applied Science   Harper & Row Publications
Including Canfield Press
How Computer Programming Works Shannon Fischer  Cowles Book 1970
Ideas: Index and Description of
Educational Application Software
  Digital Equipment Corporation 1978
Index and Description of Educational
Application Software 
  Digital Equipment Corporation 1976
Information Processing  Marilyn Bohl  Science Research 1971
Instructor's Guide to Information
Marilyn Bohl  Science Research 1971
Instructor's Manual to Accompany the
Computer an Accounting Tool 
Jauch;Wohl  Pace & Pace Ltd. 1975
Interactive Instructional Designs for
Individualized Learning 
Danny G. Langdon  Educational Technology
Publications, Inc. 1973

Book List Continued (page 88)









Publisher / Date

Introduction to an Algorithmic
Language (Basic)
Introduction to Basic - A Time-Sharing
Tate Lindahl  Cummings 1971
Introduction to Computers: General
History and Development
Introduction to Computers and Problem
Day;Hull  Addison-Wesley 1969
Introduction to Computer Programming  Crawford; Copp Houghton Mifflin 1969
Introduction to Computer Science Adams;Moon Scott, Foresman and Company 1970
Introduction to Computer Systems Bassler;Joslin College Readings, Inc. 1975
Introduction to Data Communications  Kallis;Murphy Digital Equipment Corporation 1968
Introduction to Fortran IV Programming:
Using the Watfor Compiler 
John M. Blatt  Goodyear 1968
Introduction to HP Computers  Hewlett Packard           1970
Layman's Guide to the Use of Computers   Association for Educational
Data Systems1971
Libraries of the Future J. C. R. Licklider   Massachusetts Institute of
Management of Data Processing Canning;Sisson  John Wiley & Sons, Inc1967
Manager's Guide to Computer Processing  Canning;Sisson  John Wiley & Sons, Inc. - 1967
Mathematics Skill Test                 1977
Metric System Resource Guide    Arizona Educational Information System 1976

Book List Continued (page 89)








Publisher / Date

Microcomputers at a Glance Donald D. Spencer  Camelot Publishing Company 1977
Micro Computer Primer Waite ;Pardee  Howard W. Sams & Company, Inc.1976
Microprocessor Basics Michael S. Elphick  Hayden Book Company, Inc. 1977
Microprocessor Data Dave Bursky Hayden Book Company, Inc. 1978
Modern Programming: Fortran IV Henry Mullish Xerox Corporation 1968
More About Computers   International Business
Machines Corporation 196
My Computer Likes Me*
*When I Speak in Basic
Dymax 1972
My Computer Understands me*
 *When I Speak in Basic
  Dymax 1971
Nutritive Value of Foods   United States Department
of Agriculture 1970
PCCls Reference Book of Personal and
Home Computing
Dwight McCabe
People's Computer Company 1977
Preparing for Computer Assisted Instruction Charles A. Dyer
Educational Technology Pub. 1972
Principles of Punched Card Data Processing Robert G. Van Bess OA Business Publications, Inc.1965
Problem-Solving with the Computer Edwin R, Sage  Entelek 1969
Problems for Computer Solution Gruenberger; Jaffray  John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1965
Programmed Instruction Course Fortran for IBM 1130    International Business
Machines Corporation 1966
Programming and Computing Fortran James T. Golden Prentice-Hall 1965

Book List Continued (page 90)








Publisher / Date

Readings on Calculators and Computers in
the Elementary School
David Moursund
McGraw-Hill - 1976

Recommendations Regarding Computers in
High School Education

School Basic Kenneth Weissman
Secondary School - 1970
Self Teaching Programming Text in Basic, A Myers; Schenk         1973
Sixty Challenging Problems with Basic
Donald D. Spencer Camelot Publishing Co. - 1976

Software Design for Microprocessors Wester; Simpson
Texas Instruments, Inc. - 1976
Solutions Manual for Case Studies of
Business Data Processing Systems  
Pace & Pace Ltd. - 1975
Speech Chain Denes;Pinson Bell Telephone - 1963
Standard Dictionary of Computers and
Information Processing
Martin H. Weik
Hayden Book Company, Inc. - 1969
Story of Computers   Abacus Computer - 1975
Study Guide to Information Processing Donald Spencer Science Research Associates - 1971
Teacher's Guide to Computers-Theory and Uses   National Science Teachers
 - 1964
Telecommunications and the Computer Marilyn Bohl Prentice-Hall, Inc. - 1976
Thinking Machines James Martin Signet Science Library - 1961
Training Teachers for Technology Irving Adler Association for Educational
Data Systems - 1967

Book List Continued (page 91)








Publisher / Date

Understanding Automation Enoch J. Haga OA Business1965
Understanding Computers Thomas Ho Crowley McGraw-Hill1967
Understanding Digital Computers Ronald M. Benrey John F. Rider Publisher, Inc. 1964
Using the Computer in Education Paul G. Watson Educational Technology Pub. - 1972
What to do After You Hit Return or
PCC's First Book of Computer Games 
  Nowels Publications - 1975
Your Home Computer  James White  Dymax - 1977


The following is a partial list of available materials.
Phoenix Union High School System Materials
for Computer Education entitled "Computers & Computer Applications, A Film
Bibliography" by Doris Lidtke.

In addition to the above mentioned materials, the Educational Computer Center
has a library of books on computers and the application of computer technology
to instruction. These books are available on loan. A list of the books



1-  What additional documents are available on Academic Computing in the Phoenix Union High School System?

In addition to this index to applications, the Educational Computer Center has prepared two annual reports. The annual reports include information on who is using the Educationa1 Computer, as well as information on the distribution and cost of equipment, the cost of supp1ies , etc. The first annual report is dated June 30, 1977, and the second is dated June 30, 1978.











The computer is here to stay. Computer technology affects everyone's life every day. Utility bills are printed by computers; traffic lights are controlled by computers; election outcomes are tabulated by computers; grocery and department store inventories are maintained by computers, etc. The Educational Computer Specialist is available to talk to groups of students regarding the impact of computers on our lives.

Rick Meyer District Office Ed. Computer Center




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