Radar Books
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New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1949, 1st edition, written by members of the technical staff of Bell Telephone Laboratories with an introduction by Mervin J. Kelly, 6 1/2" x 9 1/4", 1042pp, illustrated with photographs, drawings and diagrams. Original light blue cloth, dust jacket worn at edges and corners, previous owner's name on fep. 

"This first unified and complete presentation on Radar Systems and Components - from basic theory to final application - was made possible by the cooperative effort of 28 members of the technical staff of the Bell Telephone Laboratories. During World War II the Bell System played a larger part in the radar program, from research through production, than any other industrial organization. The men directly responsible for this contribution now explain the products of their research and development from the standpoint of structure, operation and use. They deal not only with radar's historical developments, but with present applications as well."


 
 


 

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Winning the Radar War

A Memoir

By Jack Nissen with A. W. Cockerill.  Macmillan of Canada, Toronto, 1987, 1st edition.  Hardcover.  6 1/4" x 9 1/4".  224 pages, including index.  "The Second World War was the first 'technological war', and no technology was more important in winning that war than radar...  Here, for the first time, is the complete drama of the secret race to develop radar, told in the words of one of the key players."  Includes 12 b/w photos.


 

UNDERSTANDING MICROWAVES 
by Victor J. Young

Copyright 1946. The author was Senior Project Engineer at Sperry Gyroscope Co. Published by John H. Rider. Hardcover. 385 pages. "The book is intended to present material which will form a basis for understanding microwave radio and radar". Many schematics, illustrations & equations. The contents include:

THE ULTRA HIGH FREQUENCY CONCEPT
STATIONARY CHARGE and ITS FIELD
MAGNETOSTATICS
ALTERNATING CURRENT and LUMPED CONSTANTS
TRANSMISSION LINES
POYNTING'S VECTOR and MAXWELL'S EQUATIONS
WAVEGUIDES
RESONANT CAVITIES
ANTENNAS
MICROWAVE OSCILLATORS
RADAR and COMMUNICATION
MICROWAVE TERMS, IDEAS and THEOREMS

 

"The First 25 Years of the Naval Research Laboratory" by A. Hoyt Taylor. 

This is a wonderful book that documents the first 25 years of the lab between 1923 and 1948. The book was published by the Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research.

For those not familiar with the Lab, it was established as a department of invention and development for the Navy. Basically, the lab is the techies of the Navy. Thomas Edison was the Chairman of a board of consultants for the labs, the Naval Consulting Board of the United States. Later members of the board included Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Maj. Gen. LeJune and other notables.

The projects the Labs undertook in their first 25 years would be too numerous to list here. Some of the more interesting projects included radio transmission, radar, torpedo fuel, radio controlled aircraft, sonar, camouflage, infrared & ultraviolet devices, chemical warfare, atomic power, lubricants, and others.

This book is basically a personal history of the Labs from the viewpoint of the author who was employed there. It contains a number of photos of the facilities and projects. It makes fascinating reading on how World War II changed the thinking of the Navy and just how the labs grew and expanded, not to mention the insight on projects like radar and sonar.

The book is some 75 pages long with a soft cover and dual staple binding.

 



The Invention That Changed the World

How a small group of Radar Pioneers won the Second World War and launched a technological revolution

by Robert Buderi

Simon & Schuster, 1996, Trade Paperback, VG+ condition, no creases.


The Invention That Changed the World is the great and largely untold story of the colorful band of brilliant scientists who created the microwave radar systems that not only helped win World War II but set off a veritable explosion of scientific achievements and technological advances that have transformed our daily lives.

The story begins in September 1940 with the arrival in Washington of a team of British scientists bearing England's most closely guarded technological secrets, among them the cavity magnetron, a revolutionary new source of microwave energy that was to pave the way for radar systems small enough to fit on planes and ships. The magnetron's arrival triggered the most dramatic mobilization of science in history as America's top scientists enlisted in the "war within the war" to convert the British invention into a potent military weapon. Developed in a top-secret rush at the Radiation Lab on the campus of MIT, microwave radars eventually helped destroy Japanese warships in the Pacific, brought down Nazi buzz bombs over England, and enabled Allied bombers to "see" through cloud cover over Germany and Japan. 

Although the atomic bomb ended World War II, in many ways radar won it. Capturing all the drama and excitement of the race to develop radar, The Invention That Changed the World then follows the postwar careers of the radar scientists as they applied the knowledge gained from their wartime work in many different fields. The Rad Lab was an incubator for science and technology on a scale perhaps unprecedented in history. Among their many achievements, radar veterans were instrumental in creating the field of radio astronomy and discovering nuclear magnetic resonance, the transistor, and the maser, breakthroughs that led to the Nobel Prizes. In the continuing push to develop early warning systems during the Cold War, other radar men helped create the basis for digital computer memories. In very practical ways, radar and its spin-offs continue to evolve.

"A technological thriller better than the best of Tom Clancy" -- Richard Rhodes, Pulitzer Prize winning author of  The Making of the Atomic Bomb


Read the New York Times Book Review:

Jam Sessions

Date: June 22, 1997

THE INVENTION THAT CHANGED THE WORLD
How a Small Group of Radar Pioneers Won the Second World War and Launched a Technological Revolution.
By Robert Buderi.
Illustrated. 575 pp. New York:
Simon & Schuster. $30.


In the desperate summer of 1940, when Luftwaffe bombers were softening up England for a German invasion, the British put almost all their secret military inventions into a black metal box and loaded it onto a Canadian ocean liner for a trip to the still-neutral United States. There, top British officials hoped, the Americans would manufacture the weapons needed to win the war.

''The Invention That Changed the World,'' by Robert Buderi, focuses on one of the secrets in that box, a ''resonant cavity magnetron.'' Invented more or less by accident a few months earlier and not well understood even by its builders, it produced radio energy thousands of times stronger than anything else operating at useful wavelengths. It would eventually form a backbone of the American and British radar systems.

In the popular imagination, the great technological breakthrough of World War II -- and its greatest legacy -- is the atomic bomb. But with an impressive level of detail, Buderi backs up the old saw of the electronic engineers: that while the atom bomb ended the war, radar won it.

Buderi, who was formerly the technology editor of Business Week, concentrates on the scientists in the Radiation Laboratory (the ''Rad Lab'') at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a powerhouse of radar engineering purposely misnamed to mislead spies. The lab did not invent radar (both the British and the Americans were using versions invented years before), did not work alone in improving it and did not last through the cold war period. But it was a nexus, an archway through which crucial ideas and people passed.

The book sets out to be a nonfiction technothriller on the order of Richard Rhodes's ''Making of the Atomic Bomb.'' It does not quite match the scope or verve of that work, and sometimes lacks its clarity too. But Buderi provides an impressive overview of his subject.

A torrent of modern technology runs through this book. ''We invented all kinds of things,'' said Robert R. Everett, one of the little-known scientists presented here, ''not because we were so smart, but because we were the first people who had the problem.'' Buderi traces many of those things, describing, for instance, the ever-accelerating game of measure and countermeasure during World War II: the development of radar, then the development of radar jamming and then the use of the jamming itself as a weapon. (Leading up to D-Day, boats towed big balloons that on radar would look like warships and troop transports.)

Buderi also lays out the accidental discoveries. In the early days of 1944, for example, Rad Lab scientists were using radar to detect a tower at a distance of six miles, but by spring, when humidity increased, the system did not work anymore. To their frustration, Buderi writes, scientists had developed a radar that was tuned to the natural frequency of water vapor, an annoyance that eventually led to the microwave oven.

The book, part of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation's Technology Series, wisely does not limit itself to science and technology; it describes as well the sociology of science, so to speak. Unlike the atomic bomb, radar was not a single invention, and not something that the military was clamoring to have. Once radar was developed, there existed the separate but equally important task of persuading the armed forces to use it effectively.

Finally, Buderi explains that radar has been the root of a wide range of achievements since the war, producing a veritable family tree of modern technologies. Because of radar, astronomers can map the contours of far-off planets, physicians can see images of internal organs, meteorologists can measure rain falling in distant places, air travel is hundreds of times safer than travel by road, long-distance telephone calls are cheaper than postage, computers have become ubiquitous and ordinary people can cook their daily dinners in the time between sitcoms, with what used to be called a ''radar range.''

Radar, Buderi says, was the ''quiet revolution'' of World War II, and ''its pioneers experienced a largely silent glory compared to the Oppenheimers, Tellers and other nuclear bomb makers.'' With this book, their revolution may still be quiet, but their glory is no longer silent.

 

Ground Radar Systems of the Luftwaffe 1939-1945, by Werner Muller. 48 Pages. Softbound. This book gives descriptions and a photographic account of the ground radar systems of the Luftwaffe used during WWII.

 

 

Alkaline Earth Oxide Cathodes for Pulsed Tubes by Coomes, Buck, Eisenstein and Fineman. Hardback book comprised of photographs of pages of a 1946 report "933" from the Radiation Laboratory , MIT, Cambridge, MA.117 pages.


 

Five Years at the Radiation Laboratory

 

Five Years at the Radiation Laboratory ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1947. 204 pp. 4to- between 9" - 12" tall). "Presented to Members of the Radiation Laboratory by Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1946" Heavily illustrated work has a yearbook format. This Volume will entertain you and  present a flavor of what life was like at the RadLabs. One  interesting this is there are spots where there are blank pictures because they were pulled at the last minute for security purposes. Remember, the ware was over, but some of this development was still highly classified!

Background Information from MIT's Radiation Laboratory of Electronics
"In October 1940, MIT was chosen for the site of an independent laboratory that would be staffed by civilian and academic scientists from every discipline. Fourteen months before the U.S. entered World War II, MIT's newly formed Radiation Laboratory began its investigation of microwave electronics.

"During World War II, large-scale research at MIT's Radiation Laboratory was devoted to the rapid development of microwave radar. Projects included physical electronics, microwave physics, electromagnetic properties of matter, and microwave communication principles. The "RadLab" designed almost half of the radar deployed in World War II, created over 100 different radar systems, and constructed $1.5 billion worth of radar. At the height of its activities, the RadLab employed nearly 4,000 people working on several continents. What began as a British-American effort to make microwave radar work, evolved into a centralized laboratory committed to understanding the theories behind experimental radar while solving its engineering problems."


         

   

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